Garden Tasks for January
The gardening season
officially begins on January 1st
and ends on December 31.
- Marie Huston
Start seeds of
fast-growing annuals indoors such as Zinnias and Marigolds
Sow seeds of hardy
perennials outdoors, such as Cornflower and Larkspur
herbicide, such as “Preen” to reduce spring germinating weeds.
Plant cabbages, onions
Direct seed peas and
continue succession plantings for lettuce, radishes and spinach
As soil warms, direct
seed beets, carrots, turnips and other cool-season crops.
Cut back over-wintered
sage and direct see or plant other herbs.
As the weather
permits, place over-wintered containers and those started indoors outside
Sink empty pots into
large planters to hold seasonal plants such as spring bulbs and summer
Fill gaps or replace
winter plantings with those for spring and summer
Be prepared to protect
tender plants from possible late frost; cover with a fabric material, not
Apply 2-3 inches of
organic mulch around new and established plants
Prune young Azaleas,
Wisteria, and Jasmine just after flowering to encourage compact growth.
Remove dead and misshapen branches.
Apply a well balanced
fertilizer, such as “10-10-10” or “Hollytone” to evergreens with yellowing
Pinch off contorted
new growth on pines to remove pine shoot moths.
Plant container roses
anytime until July
slow-release fertilizer, such as “Osmocote” to established roses
Begin weekly sprays to
control black spot and mildew
wood from old garden roses but do not shape or thin at this time.
Start main season
varieties indoors now
There are usually 4-6
weeks of unpredictable weather left before being transplanted outside
Early seedlings sown
indoors may need transplanting to individual pots
fertilizer, compost, over-wintered cover crops, or crop residues into the
Check and clean last
years cages, trellises, stakes, etc.
preparation, division, and planting
Weed, water and
fertilize with “10-10-10” or “Plant Tone” as-needed
Do not remove foliage
from spring flowering bulbs until it has started to dry-out on its own
De-thatch and aerate if
not done earlier in spring or previous fall
Apply “Green Power” or
“Preen for Lawns” at the recommended rate
Over-seed with a
variety suitable for your area if not over-seeded last month
Keep moist until seeds
until seed sprout. Aver 4-6 weeks, treat as an established lawn.
herbicide “Crabicide Green” to established lawns.